Table of Contents
- 1 Who ruled the Athens government?
- 2 Who first ruled Athens?
- 3 How was Athens governed?
- 4 What caused the fall of Athens?
- 5 Is Athens older than Rome?
- 6 Who destroyed Athens?
- 7 What were two reasons for the decline of Greece?
- 8 Who was the leader of the Athens government?
- 9 How did the Council of 500 work in Athenian democracy?
- 10 What was the distribution of power in Athens?
Who ruled the Athens government?
Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws. The people of Athens chose their ruler.
Who first ruled Athens?
The early Athenian tradition, followed by the 3rd century BC Parian Chronicle, made Cecrops, a mythical half-man half-serpent, the first king of Athens.
Who ran things in Athens?
Peisistratos is usually called a tyrant, but the Greek word tyrannos does not mean a cruel and despotic ruler, merely one who took power by force. Peisistratos was in fact a very popular ruler, who made Athens wealthy, powerful, and a centre of culture.
How was Athens governed?
What caused the fall of Athens?
Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.
What is Athena the god of?
Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors.
Is Athens older than Rome?
Athens is seriously old having been founded somewhere between 3000 and 5000 years BC. However Ancient Rome didn’t spring into life until at least a couple of millennia after the heyday of the great early civilisations in Greece and Egypt.
Who destroyed Athens?
The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480–479 BCE.
Who was Plato’s most famous student?
He is widely considered one of the most important and influential individuals in human history, and the pivotal figure in the history of Ancient Greek and Western philosophy, along with his teacher, Socrates, and his most famous student, Aristotle.
What were two reasons for the decline of Greece?
There were many reasons for the decline of ancient Greece. One primary reason was the fighting between the various city-states and the inability to form alliances with each other during a time of invasion by a stronger opponent like ancient Rome.
Who was the leader of the Athens government?
Athens remained a democracy for about 170 years. It reached its height under a brilliant elected leader named Pericles (PER-uhkleez). He led the government from about 460 BC until his death in 429 BC.
When did the great age of Athenian democracy end?
Eventually, the great age of Athenian democracy came to an end. In the mid-330s BC Athens was conquered by the Macedonians from north of Greece. After the conquest, Athens fell under strong Macedonian influence. Even after being conquered by Macedonia, Athens kept its democratic government.
How did the Council of 500 work in Athenian democracy?
The Council of 500. There was a representative element to Athenian Democracy, and it took the form of the Council of 500, or Boule. Each of the ten tribes of Athens chose 50 men, age 30 or over, by lot to represent their interests in the Council.
What was the distribution of power in Athens?
This massive distribution of power was the essence of Athens’ direct democracy. Unlike modern day democracies, in which citizens elect lawmakers who represent their interests, the Athenian government was run and influenced by the votes of each and every citizen.