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What was the official charge against Socrates?

What was the official charge against Socrates?

The trial of Socrates (399 BC) was held to determine the philosopher’s guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new …

What was the vote against Socrates?

Instead, each juror registered his judgment by placing a small disk into an urn marked either “guilty” or “not guilty.” Socrates was found guilty by a vote of 280 to 220. The jurors were next asked to determine Socrates’ penalty. His accusers argued for the death penalty.

When Socrates was found guilty What was his punishment?

Socrates’ proposed ‘punishment’ angered the jury, and they went on to vote overwhelmingly for death. Socrates was made to drink a cup of poisonous hemlock. Most scholars see the conviction and execution of Socrates as a deliberate choice made by the famous philosopher himself.

What was Socrates teaching method?

Developed by the Greek philosopher, Socrates, the Socratic Method is a dialogue between teacher and students, instigated by the continual probing questions of the teacher, in a concerted effort to explore the underlying beliefs that shape the students views and opinions.

What was Socrates ideal form of government?

It was democracy when all people were allowed to participate in the government. Socrates recommended only the rule of the wise. All other forms of government, in his opinion, were unsuitable. Socrates had viewed the concept of rule from a different angle.

What does Socrates apologize for at his trial?

Specifically, the Apology of Socrates is a defence against the charges of “corrupting the youth” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” to Athens (24b).

What punishments does Socrates predict for those who condemned him?

Socrates now makes his final address to the jury before being led off to prison. He warns those that sentenced him that they will hereafter be blamed for putting a wise man to death. If only they had had a little patience, he suggests, he would have died without their help; after all, he already an old man of seventy.

What is Socrates best known for?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

What questions did Socrates ask?

Here are the six types of questions that Socrates asked his pupils….Probing rationale, reasons and evidence

  • Why is that happening?
  • How do you know this?
  • Show me?
  • Can you give me an example of that?
  • What do you think causes?
  • What is the nature of this?
  • Are these reasons good enough?
  • Would it stand up in court?

What was Socrates ideology?

Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

What is Socrates most famous statement?

“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” “The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”

Why does Socrates not make a stronger attempt to save his life when he makes his speech at his trial?

In making his defense, Socrates did not attempt to prove that he was innocent of the charge of disbelief in the Athenian gods. The charge that Socrates had corrupted the youth was based in part on the fact that some of the ones who had been associated with him had committed acts that were offensive to the state.

Why did Meletus write the affidavit against Socrates?

Meletus was a young man that Socrates did not know very well. These charges brought on by Meletus caused the indictment of Socrates. One of the charges in the affidavit written by Meletus against Socrates is that he is “corrupting the youth.”

Why does Meletus say that Socrates believes in no gods?

Under Socrates’ questioning, Meletus asserts that Socrates believes in no gods whatsoever. Socrates replies that Meletus is confusing him with Anaxagoras, a well-known Presocratic, whose theories Meletus is ascribing to Socrates. To prove Meletus wrong, Socrates undertakes to show that he must believe in gods of some sort.

Who was the man who brought the charges against Socrates?

The Charges Against Socrates The charges against Socrates were brought upon him by a man names Meletus. Meletus was a young man that Socrates did not know very well.

How did Socrates ask Meletus if all men improve horses?

Socrates then goes and counter attacks by asking Meletus if this also applies to other animals. Socrates asks if all men improve horses and only one person corrupts them.