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What makes a war a total war?

What makes a war a total war?

total war, military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory, as distinguished from limited war. Throughout history, limitations on the scope of warfare have been more economic and social than political.

How is total war different from regular war?

Explanation: Wars of the past have always been more orderly in a sense than modern wars. What Total War pursues, is the complete annihilation of the enemy by any means necessary, this could be from exterminating the entire other faction, to just nuking some cities and be done with the war.

What does it mean when World War I is referred to as a total war?

Total war in WWI. Total War is when the entire resources and population are mobilized towards the war effort,which takes priority over everything else. Further, Total War also involves prosecuting the war against the entire population of the enemy, not just against its military.

Which battle used total war?

Another famous example of total war occurred during the American Civil War with Sherman’s March to the Sea. After successfully capturing Atlanta, Georgia, the Union Major General William T. Sherman marched his troops toward Savannah to the Atlantic Ocean.

What event is an example of total war?

Total war, such as World War I and World War II, mobilizes all of the resources of society (industry, finance, labor, etc.) to fight the war. It also expands the targets of war to include any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure.

Which is an example of total war?

Total war is the idea that the enemy can best be defeated by attacking everything: soldiers, citizens, food, supplies, and more. The warfare conducted by ancient civilizations, such as Persia or Rome, and the modern warfare conducted by the Nazis during World War II are both good examples of total warfare.

What example listed is the best example of total war?

18th and 19th centuries Sherman’s march to the sea in the American Civil War – from November 15, 1864 through December 21, 1864 – is considered to be an example of total war, for which Sherman used the term hard war.

Why did General Lee finally surrender?

Fact #4: Lee decided to surrender his army in part because he wanted to prevent unnecessary destruction to the South. When it became clear to the Confederates that they were stretched too thinly to break through the Union lines, Lee observed that “there is nothing left me to do but to go and see Gen.

What was the first total war?

The first Total War, David Bell holds, comprised the Wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon. They involved conscription, the mobilization of the material resources of the nation, and propaganda to convince the people to support war against a “criminal” enemy (p. 280).

What made World War 2 a total war?

World War II is considered a total war because it involved all of the global superpowers of the time and affected the majority of the world’s…

What is the best example of total war?

The warfare conducted by ancient civilizations, such as Persia or Rome, and the modern warfare conducted by the Nazis during World War II are both good examples of total warfare.

Was there a total war in the Civil War?

Neither Confederate nor Union regular armies, however, engaged in large-scale campaigns that included the deliberate killing of innocent civilians. Civil War armies engaged in hard war—but not total war. The evidence deserves more detailed examination.

Where did the term Total War come from?

According to Mark E. Neely Jr., the term was first used in 1948 by John B. Walters in an article about Sherman for the Journal of Southern History and was quickly adopted by the famed Civil War historian T. Harry Williams. His masterly Lincoln and His Generals begins with the assertion: “The Civil War was the first of the modern total wars…. ”

How did the Civil War compare to World War 2?

Unlimited, large-scale attacks on civilians—like those on London, Coventry, Dresden, Berlin, Tokyo, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and countless other cities in World War II—are absent from the Civil War. If Sherman’s bummers, on their March to the Sea, had executed large numbers of civilians, they could be accused of total warfare.

What was the extent of battle in the Civil War?

In early 1864, his army lived off the countryside in his Meridian Campaign, a “dress rehearsal” for the March to the Sea. As they stormed through Georgia later that year, “sixty thousand Union troops destroyed railroads, torched cotton bales, emptied corncribs and smokehouses, and seized hogs, horses, and mules.