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What is ochre and for what purpose do Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples use it?

What is ochre and for what purpose do Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples use it?

Ochre is a mineral that has long been a valuable commodity for Aboriginal Peoples and is used as a pigment for decorative and artistic purposes. The Adnyamathanha Peoples of the Flinders Ranges region in South Australia quarried the Parachilna mine for the red ochre deposits that contain such mercury compounds.

How do Did indigenous Australians use ochre minerals?

The ochre ‘ore’ is ground to a powder and then wetted, usually with water but sometimes saliva, blood, the fat of fish, emu, possum or goanna, or with orchid juice for a fixative. The resulting pigment is used for cosmetics, body and artefact decoration, and cave painting.

Why is Aboriginal ochre important?

Ochre still has a spiritual significance to Aboriginal people because it has that ancient connection that goes back unbroken for tens of thousands of years. The use of ochre underpins, to a large extent, Aboriginal art and culture from all around Australia.

Where is ochre used in aboriginal art?

Ochres used in Aboriginal paintings were traditionally mined or dug from areas with a type of colourful soft stone. There are many such sites across much of Australia but some of the most impressive are the Ochre Pits in northern South Australia, and in the Breakaway Mountains not far from there.

Do you need permission to fly the Aboriginal flag?

Permission is not required to fly the Australian Aboriginal flag, however, the Australian Aboriginal flag is protected by copyright and may only be reproduced in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright Act 1968 or with the permission of Mr Harold Thomas.

Is the Aboriginal flag official?

The Australian Aboriginal Flag represents Aboriginal Australians. It is one of the officially proclaimed flags of Australia, and holds special legal and political status. It is often flown together with the national flag and with the Torres Strait Islander Flag, which is also an officially proclaimed flag.

Did Australian Aboriginals use gold?

There is striking and consistent evidence that Aboriginal people, especially those whose lands were in rich alluvial gold bearing regions, remained in the gold areas, participated in gold mining and interacted with non-Indigenous people in a whole range of hitherto neglected ways, whilst maintaining many of their …

Why did aboriginals use rocks?

Aboriginal people also used small grinding stones to crush soft rocks and clays (such as ochre) to make pigments. The pigments were used to decorate bodies for ceremonies, to paint rock art, and to decorate objects such as possum skin cloaks and weapons.

Why do aboriginal paint their bodies?

The specific designs and motifs used by the Aboriginals reveal their relationships to their family group, social position, tribe, precise ancestors, totemic fauna and tracts of land. The person adorned with the body paint often takes on the spiritual part of their ancestor dancing, immersed in their character.

What are 4 uses of ochre?

Past and present uses of ochre

  • Ochre is used as an adhesive. Its powder is an effective aggregate in resin adhesives to mount tools onto handles or shafts.
  • It was also used to tan hide.
  • It is more commonly known for protection from the sun protection.
  • Ochre pigments were, and still are, widely used in paint and artwork.

Are there any famous Aboriginal artists?

1. Clifford Possum Tjapaltjarri. Clifford Possum Tjapaltjarri is regarded as the most celebrated Australian indigenous artist and certainly from the Central Western desert area especially the country north of western McDonnell Ranges.

What are Aboriginal Earth colours?

The three colours of the Aboriginal Flag are bright red, yellow and black. Black represents the Aboriginal people of Australia. Yellow is the life giving sun and red is the colour of the earth. Our flag unifies all of the Aboriginal nations of Australia.

What was ochre used for in Aboriginal culture?

Ochre was a lot easier form to use, it was immediate, and it was especially prized for body painting for big ceremonies, initiation ceremonies or dances to do with rain.

How are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people described?

Another way Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people might describe themselves, which again relates to their country (including the waters), is ‘saltwater people’ for those who live on the coast, or ‘freshwater’, ‘rainforest’, ‘desert’ or ‘spinifex’ for people who live in that ecological environment.

How did Torres Strait Islander people create their art?

The designs, patterns and stories were taught to Indigenous Australians by the Ancestors and are reinforced and replicated through ritual, dance, song, body painting, rock engravings and paintings, and on domestic and ritual objects. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art is as alive today as it was thousands of years ago.

When was the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander flag created?

The Aboriginal Flag and the Torres Strait Islander Flag were designed in the 1970s and 1990s respectively and are proudly displayed around Australia today. The black symbolises Aboriginal people.