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What did Sir John Franklin accomplish?

What did Sir John Franklin accomplish?

He is best known for leading the tragic 1845 expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands perished on that voyage, despite being close to discovering the elusive sea route through the Canadian North. The Franklin expedition remains one of the most enduring mysteries of Arctic exploration and Canadian history.

Did they ever find Sir John Franklin?

On 11 June 1847 Sir John Franklin, aged 61, died suddenly on board HMS Erebus4. No necropsy was done by the ship’s surgeon and his grave has never been found, probably because he was buried in the ice. During the winter of 1847-1848 nine officers and fifteen men fell ill and died.

How many bodies were recovered from the Franklin Expedition?

Archaeologists exploring the shipwrecks of HMS Erebus and Terror have recovered over 350 objects from the lost Franklin expedition.

Why was John Franklin removed from office?

From the time of his return there was a series of disputes between the governor and the colonial secretary, none of them of major importance, but ceaseless and harassing. Finally Montagu wrote Franklin an insolent letter, insinuating that his mind was failing, and Franklin suspended him from his office in January 1842.

Who did John Franklin explore for?

Franklin entered the Royal Navy at age 14, accompanied Matthew Flinders on his exploratory voyage to Australia (1801–03), and served in the Battles of Trafalgar (1805) and New Orleans (1815). He commanded the Trent on Capt. David Buchan’s Arctic expedition of 1818, which sought to reach the North Pole.

Did they ever find a Northwest Passage?

The belief that a route lay to the far north persisted for several centuries and led to numerous expeditions into the Arctic. Many ended in disaster, including that by Sir John Franklin in 1845. While searching for him the McClure Arctic Expedition discovered the Northwest Passage in 1850.

What is the monster in The Terror?

The Tuunbaq
The Tuunbaq is a monstrous spirit bear creature which appears in the novel and AMC TV series The Terror. It is a creation by Dan Simmons, author of the novel, and is possibly based on the Inuit mythology of the Tupilaq, a vengeful spirit that takes the form of both man and animal.

Did they find bodies from Erebus?

In the end, the bodies of more than 30 crewmen from the ships were found on King William Island. Most are still buried there, although two were returned to Britain. Lieutenant John Irving was identified from personal effects and was buried in Dean cemetery, Edinburgh, in 1881.

Why did Erebus and Terror sink?

Still trapped in the ice, Erebus and Terror drifted south until Captain Crozier ordered their abandonment in April 1848. Weakened by starvation and scurvy, the 105 surviving men headed south for the Great Fish River. Most died on the march along the west coast of King William Island.

Who found the Northwest Passage?

In 1609, the merchants of the Dutch East India Company hired English explorer Henry Hudson to find the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

Does anyone use the Northwest Passage?

On August 21, 2007, the Northwest Passage became open to ships without the need of an icebreaker. According to Nalan Koc of the Norwegian Polar Institute, this was the first time the Passage has been clear since they began keeping records in 1972. The Northwest Passage opened again on August 25, 2008.

Did Lewis and Clark find a Northwest Passage?

Lewis and Clark may not have discovered a direct Northwest Passage, but they did forge a path to the Pacific that would inspire thousands of others to settle in the northwestern United States in the century to follow.

Who was John Hope Franklin and what did he do?

John Hope Franklin. John Hope Franklin (January 2, 1915 – March 25, 2009) was an American historian of the United States and former president of Phi Beta Kappa, the Organization of American Historians, the American Historical Association, and the Southern Historical Association. Franklin is best known for his work From Slavery to Freedom,…

When did John Hope Franklin publish from slavery to freedom?

Franklin is best known for his work From Slavery to Freedom, first published in 1947, and continually updated. More than three million copies have been sold. In 1995, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor.

When did John Hope Franklin get the Jefferson Lecture?

In 1976, the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Franklin for the Jefferson Lecture, the U.S. federal government’s highest honor for achievement in the humanities. Franklin’s three-part lecture became the basis for his book Racial Equality in America.