Table of Contents
- 1 What are signs and symptoms in first aid?
- 2 What conditions might need first aid?
- 3 What are the 5 principles of first aid?
- 4 What is the first aid treatment for shock?
- 5 What are the first aid procedures for common injuries or conditions?
- 6 What is the first aid for common unintentional injury?
- 7 What are the 3 stages of shock?
- 8 What are the four stages of shock?
What are signs and symptoms in first aid?
Symptoms are things that the casualty is experiencing. They are possibly less obvious to you as the first aider, but are things that the casualty tells you about, or indicates to you in another way if they are not fully conscious, or are a baby and aren’t able to talk yet.
What conditions might need first aid?
First Aid Treatments for Common Injuries and Conditions
- Burns and Electric Shock.
- Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 11 and Younger.
- Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 12 and Older.
- Eye Injuries.
- Insect Bites and Stings and Spider Bites.
- Nose Injuries.
What are the 5 principles of first aid?
Principles of First Aid
- Preserve Life.
- Prevent Deterioration.
- Promote Recovery.
- Taking immediate action.
- Calming down the situation.
- Calling for medical assistance.
- Apply the relevant treatment.
What are the signs and symptoms of shock?
Depending on the cause, symptoms and signs of shock may include:
- Pale, cold, clammy skin.
- Shallow, rapid breathing.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Heartbeat irregularities or palpitations.
- Thirst or a dry mouth.
- Low urine output or dark urine.
What are the basic first aid?
First aid is as easy as ABC – airway, breathing and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). In any situation, apply the DRSABCD Action Plan. Is the person breathing? If the person is responding, they are conscious and their airway is clear, assess how you can help them with any injury.
What is the first aid treatment for shock?
Seek emergency medical care Lay the person down and elevate the legs and feet slightly, unless you think this may cause pain or further injury. Keep the person still and don’t move him or her unless necessary. Begin CPR if the person shows no signs of life, such as not breathing, coughing or moving.
What are the first aid procedures for common injuries or conditions?
Clean the injured area with soap and water and blot the wound dry. Avoid cleaning wounds with hydrogen peroxide or isopropyl alcohol as it can actually damage the tissue and delay healing. Once the wound is dry, apply antibiotic ointment and cover with gauze or a bandage.
What is the first aid for common unintentional injury?
Apply direct pressure until bleeding stops. Apply a bandage over the dressing, and continue to apply pressure. Do not attempt to remove anything that is lodged deeply within the wound, such as metal or glass. Wait for help to arrive.
What is DOTS in first aid?
DOTS: Stands for Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course. DOTS is a strategy used to reduce the number of tuberculosis (TB) cases. In DOTS, healthcare workers observe patients as they take their medicine.
What should you not do in first aid?
Don’t: Despite what tradition dictates, don’t offer hot milk. Do not give the person anything to eat or drink. Do: Lay the person down on a blanket or rug to keep them warm. Quickly reassure the person; raise and support the legs above the level of the heart, loosen any tight clothing and call an ambulance.
What are the 3 stages of shock?
The three phases of shock: Irreversible, compensated, and decompsated shock
- Restlessness, agitation and anxiety – the earliest signs of hypoxia.
- Pallor and clammy skin – this occurs because of microcirculation.
- Nausea and vomiting – decrease in blood flow to the GI system.
- Delayed capillary refill.
What are the four stages of shock?
It covers the four stages of shock. They include the initial stage, the compensatory stage, the progressive stage, and the refractory stage.