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What are photosystem made of?

What are photosystem made of?

Each photosystem is composed of a core complex and a peripheral antenna system, light harvesting complex I (LHCI) for PSI and light harvesting complex II (LHCII) for PSII, respectively.

What is a photosystem and where is it located?

Photosystems are the functional units for photosynthesis, defined by a particular pigment organization and association patterns, whose work is the absorption and transfer of light energy, which implies transfer of electrons. Physically, photosystems are found in the thylakoid membranes.

What are photosystem II and photosystem I made of?

Each photosystem consists of a light-harvesting complex and a core complex. Each core complex contains a reaction centre with the pigment (either P700 or P680) that can be photochemically oxidized, together with electron acceptors and electron donors.

Where are photosystem II and photosystem I located?

Two families of reaction centers in photosystems exist: type I reaction centers (such as photosystem I (P700) in chloroplasts and in green-sulphur bacteria) and type II reaction centers (such as photosystem II (P680) in chloroplasts and in non-sulphur purple bacteria).

What is the main role of photosystem I?

Photosystem I is an integral membrane protein complex that uses light energy to catalyze the transfer of electrons across the thylakoid membrane from plastocyanin to ferredoxin. Ultimately, the electrons that are transferred by Photosystem I are used to produce the high energy carrier NADPH.

What’s the difference between photosystem 1 and 2?

Photosystem I (PS I) and photosystem II (PS II) are two multi-subunit membrane-protein complexes involved in oxygenic photosynthesis. The main difference between photosystem 1 and 2 is that PS I absorbs longer wavelengths of light (>680 nm) whereas PS II absorbs shorter wavelengths of light (<680 nm).

What is the purpose of photosystem I?

Photosystem I (PSI) of photosynthesis (Fig. 1) provides energy to reduce NADP to NADPH, which is required for carbon fixation and other synthetic processes.

How are Photosystem I and II similar and different?

Photosystem I is very receptive to light waves at the 700 nm wavelength. In comparison, photosystem II is very receptive to light wavelengths of around 680 nm. Both photosystem I and II are necessary in most plants to produce the energy they need from the sun.

What is the difference between Photosystem I and photosystem II?

How are photosystem I and II similar and different?

What happens during Photosystem I?

The light reaction occurs in two photosystems (units of chlorophyll molecules). Photosystem I obtains replacement electrons from the electron transport chain. ATP provides the energy and NADPH provides the hydrogen atoms needed to drive the subsequent photosynthetic dark reaction, or Calvin cycle.

Does photosystem 2 produce oxygen?

Photosystem II obtains replacement electrons from water molecules, resulting in their split into hydrogen ions (H+) and oxygen atoms. The oxygen atoms combine to form molecular oxygen (O2), which is released into the atmosphere.

Where does photosystem 1 occur?

Photosystem 1: Photosystem 1 is located on the outer surface of the thylakoid membrane. Photosystem 2: Photosystem 2 is located on the inner surface of the thylakoid membrane.

What happens during photosystem II?

Photosystem II (or water-plastoquinone oxidoreductase) is the first protein complex in the light-dependent reactions of oxygenic photosynthesis . It is located in the thylakoid membrane of plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. Within the photosystem, enzymes capture photons of light to energize electrons… Oct 6 2019

What is photosystem 1 and photosystem 2?

The key difference between photosystem 1 and photosystem 2 is that the photosystem 1 has a reaction centre composing of chlorophyll a molecule of P700 that absorbs light at a wavelength of 700 nm. On the other hand, the photosystem II has a reaction centre comprising chlorophyll a molecule of P680 that absorbs light at a wavelength of 680 nm.

What are the steps of photosystem 2?

Here are the basic steps: Light absorption in PSII. When light is absorbed by one of the many pigments in photosystem II, energy is passed inward from pigment to pigment until it reaches the reaction center. There, energy is transferred to P680, boosting an electron to a high energy level.