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How did South America gain independence?

How did South America gain independence?

Independence from Spain came suddenly for most of Latin America. Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain’s former colonies declared and won independence and had divided up into republics. Napoleon’s invasion of Spain (1807-1808) provided the spark the rebels needed.

What led to the South American revolution?

The immediate trigger of the conflict was Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in 1807 and 1808, but its roots also lay in the growing discontent of creole elites (people of Spanish ancestry who had been born in Latin America) with the restrictions imposed by Spanish imperial rule.

Who were the two key figures in the South American independence movement?

Key Points José de San Martín, along with Simón Bolívar, was one of the most important leaders of the Latin American independence movements.

What were the main causes of the Latin American revolution?

Causes of the Latin American Revolution

  • Most of the events that led to the Latin American Revolution were begun because of the Spainish colonization and conquering of the Latin American people.
  • Spain setting up colonies in the Americas.
  • Creoles and Mestizos grow discontented with the Spanish rule.

When did South America gain independence?

After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest.

Why did Latin American countries want independence?

But it is true that the creoles wanted to their independence from Spain and form their own nation. They wanted more political and economical power. They believed the colonial system was unfair, as they were excluded from the political decision making process.

How did the Latin American revolution impact the world?

Immediate effects of the revolutions included freedom and independence for the people of the liberated countries. However, in the long term, poor governance of the liberated countries led to instability and increasing poverty in those areas.

What influenced the leaders of Latin American independence?

A growing spirit of nationalism and the French ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity inspired many Latin Americans to rise up against their French, Spanish, and Portuguese masters.

Which two leaders helped win the region’s independence?

How did Mexico finally gain independence? Father Miguel Hidalgo and José Morales led popular revolts.

Which country was independent first?

Colonies, Protectorates and Mandates

Country Pre-independence name (different) Year of independence or first stage
Tuvalu Gilbert and Ellice Islands 1978
Uganda 1962
United Arab Emirates Trucial States 1971
United States Thirteen American Colonies 1776